Low birth weight means having a baby that weighs less than 5.5 pounds at birth. Treatment is especially important for pregnant women. If you do have symptoms, you may notice a thin white or gray vaginal discharge, odor, pain, itching, or burning in the vagina. Some women have a strong fish-like odor, especially after sex.
A health care provider will look at your vagina for signs of BV and perform laboratory tests on a sample of vaginal fluid to determine if BV is present. But if you have symptoms of BV you should be checked and treated.
It is important that you take all of the medicine prescribed to you, even if your symptoms go away.
A health care provider can treat BV with antibiotics, but BV can recur even after treatment. Male sex partners of women diagnosed with BV generally do not need to be treated.
We do know that having a new sex partner or multiple sex partners and douching can upset the balance of bacteria in the vagina and put women at increased risk for getting BV. BV is not considered an STD, but having BV can increase your chances of getting an STD. You cannot get BV from toilet seats, bedding, or swimming pools.
Doctors and scientists do not completely understand how BV is spread, and there are no known best ways to prevent it.
The following basic prevention steps may help lower your risk of developing BV: Pregnant women can get BV.
Pregnant women with BV are more likely to have babies who are born premature (early) or with low birth weight than women who do not have BV while pregnant.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an infection caused when too much of certain bacteria change the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common vaginal infection in women ages 15-44.
We do not know about the cause of BV or how some women get it.
BV is linked to an imbalance of “good” and “harmful” bacteria that are normally found in a woman's vagina.