• Absolute dating techniques can tell the exact age of an artifact by employing various techniques, the most popular being C-14 dating. Radioactive dating is taking an element from a sample with a known rate of decay and invert the equation to find the time(date) from which it started to decay.Relative dating determines the period of time from which an object come from based on technology, soil, anthropology, etc. Radioactive dating is taking an element from a sample with a known rate of decay and invert the equation to find the time(date) from which it started to decay.
Absolute dating provides a computed numerical age in contrast with relative dating which provides only an order of events.
In archaeology, absolute dating is usually based on the physical or chemical properties of the materials of artifacts, buildings, or other items that have been modified by humans.
Absolute dates do not necessarily tell us precisely when a particular cultural event happened, but when taken as part of the overall archaeological record they are invaluable in constructing a more specific sequence of events.
Relative dating is the science determining the relative order of past events, without necessarily determining their absolute age.
In geology rock or superficial deposits, fossils and lithologies can be used to correlate one stratigraphic column with another.
Prior to the discovery of radiometric dating which provided a means of absolute dating in the early 20th century, archaeologists and geologists were largely limited to the use of relative dating techniques to determine the geological events.
Absolute dating is the process of determining an approximate computed age in archaeology and geology.
• Dating techniques are used in archeology to ascertain the age of old artifacts and a broad classification of these methods bifurcates them in relative dating and absolute dating.
• Relative dating comes to a conclusion based upon the study of layer formation of rocks.