The Henriville neighbourhood in the south of the city was developed around this time.
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It is the capital of the Somme department in Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie.
The city had a population of 136,105 according to the 2006 census.
The first known settlement is Samarobriva ("Somme bridge"), the central settlement of the Ambiani, one of the principal tribes of Gaul.
The town was given the name Ambianum by the Romans, meaning settlement of the Ambiani people.
The town has been much fought over, being attacked by barbarian tribes, and later by the Normans.
In 1113 the city was recognized by King Louis VI of France, and joined to the Crown of France in 1185.
In 1597, Spanish soldiers held the city during the six-month Siege of Amiens, before Henry IV regained control.
During the 18th and 19th century, the textile tradition of Amiens became famous for its velours.
In 1789 the provinces of France were dismantled and the territory was organised into departments.
Much of Picardy became the newly created department of Somme, with Amiens as the departmental capital.
During the industrial revolution the city walls were demolished, opening up space for large boulevards around the town centre.